The NSA’s backdoor in Microsoft Windows – We knew in 1999

This is how NSA total access was built into Microsoft Windows. First, a little background on the topic:

On the 24th of August 1996, Microsoft released “Detroit” – more commonly known as Windows 95 B or Windows 95 OSR2 (OEM Service Release 2). This updated version of Windows 95 contained a host of exciting new features not present in the original release (Codename Chicago) a year earlier.

Windows 95 B ran atop the updated version of MS-DOS 7.1 and included DirectX 2.0a, DriveSpace 3 and controversially integrated Internet Explorer version 3.0 into the operating system. In the original release of Windows 95 A, Internet Explorer was entirely absent but the end user could install it at their peril.

Windows 95 B also drastically improved hardware support. The FAT32 file system allowed for larger hard disks, partitions and file sizes than the original FAT file system did. Infrared connectivity between laptops and FireWire connections to digital imaging devices was now possible. Continue reading


Welcome to City 17

According to science, the laws of physics dictating the interaction between all the energy and matter in the universe are set in stone. If we assume this to be correct, there is no randomness in the universe, only an unpredictable timeline set into motion by the big bang.

Every subatomic particle is following a predetermined path through time and space, as the laws of physics state they must.

At no level is any object or event outside the influence of these laws. Everything that has ever existed or will exist is ultimately inevitable.

The laws of physics govern the subatomic particles of atoms in chemistry. Molecules in chemistry govern evolution and behaviour in biology. Are we humans simply conscious pawns played by the physical laws? Are we without free will?

This is a deep subject with many philosophical arguments. One thing is for sure though; some series of events has led to the creation of this blog and brought you here to read it.

Thanks for stopping by.